In several countries, including India, the girl child is discriminated against from the early stages of her life. Girls are not allowed to go to school during their childhood or after a particular age due to this discrimination. One of the reasons females in rural India are denied an education is because they leave their parents’ homes after getting married. Families that are not financially stable do not view it as a “cost-effective investment”. Boys’ schooling is given top priority as they provide the majority of the household income.
Facts About Girl Education in India
Sadly, the society in India is still ignorant of the positive changes that girl education India can make in people’s lives. Some people, no matter which socio-economic background they come from, believe that funding a girl’s education is a waste of money. Here is the list of 10 facts about girl education in India.
The Caste System
Even though the caste system, which dates back to 1200 BCE, was formally prohibited in 1955, its influence continues to be felt in India’s current educational system. The approach in which people are divided and listed at the bottom or at the top in a social structure has prevented many underprivileged girls from pursuing promising academic opportunities. These girls are frequently separated from their peers at lunchtime, and they are made fun of by them in class. A very high percentage of minority students drop out of elementary school as a result of this speech. The lower caste was intended to be protected by another law issued in 1989, but it is not being adequately implemented. It is only contributing to poor girl education in India.
In India, gender inequity has historically prevented girls from pursuing an education. Due to India’s rigid gender norms, a man’s education is more treasured than a woman’s. Hence it is sometimes thought that supporting a girl’s education financially is unnecessary.
Gender norms force one-third of Indian girls to marry off their educational prospects in the country’s poorest regions, where access to and encouragement for education are both discouraged. In India, a high percentage of girls are forced to get married by the time they turn 18 years old. Due to the shame and increased work, early pregnancies result, making it impossible for the women to continue their education.
Every day, millions of girls strive to provide for their families and themselves. Girls frequently stay at home to care for younger siblings and carry the bulk of the household duties. Many rural families in India believe that investing in girls’ education is a waste of money because they are better suited for home chores.
Lack of Awareness
Due to a scarcity of sanitary napkin dispensers and a general lack of hygiene knowledge in schools, girls in India quit school when they start having their menstruation every year. A significant portion of girls lack the knowledge of what happens in their body during menstruation due to a lack of reproductive girl education in India. Many girls even think what is happening is shameful and “unclean.” Even with education, girls in remote regions are forced to use clothes that can occasionally transmit illnesses.
Lack of Toilets
In a large number of schools, there are no toilets, which forces females to dispose of their waste outside, which they find to be morally repugnant. To avoid this disgrace is another reason why girl education India is affected.
Girls who suffer from disabilities are among the most marginalised groups of children because they experience prejudice on the basis of both their gender and their disability. Disabled females are essentially “invisible” in many of the world’s current educational programmes.
Right To Education Act
Every child has a constitutional right to receive a minimal level of education, according to the Right to Education Act (RTE), which was passed in 2009. As more measures were implemented, the programme was planned to make it mandatory for kids between the ages of 6 and 14 to participate in educational opportunities. When comparing the rise in literacy rates, India’s position appears to have increased as a result of the Act about girl education India.
To tackle illiteracy, India is broadening its horizons with technology, and it appears that women are benefiting the most. Reading fundamentals are covered in computer-based functional literacy (CBFL) classes. This programme serves people from 20 to 50, which broadens the educational system in India in terms of age for both sexes.
Rate of Poverty
Since advancements in education have started to occur, India’s poverty rate has decreased. Knowing this, it can be concluded that India’s GDP would rise if it gave more resources to females’ education.
Save the Children is taking initiatives to improve the status of girl education India. They are striving to help the most marginalised children, especially females, who have been left behind by global advancements in child health, education, and protection.